Glossary of Terms

Baptism: the ceremony of cleansing used when a person becomes a member of the Christian Church.

Confirmation: a conscious reaffirmation of baptismal vows, for those baptised as babies.

Congregation: the group of people who attend a church.

Creed: a formal statement of Christian belief.

Diocese: a regional grouping of parishes under the direction of a bishop.

Eucharist: another term for Holy Communion, or the service containing it.

Gospel: one of the four accounts of the life of Jesus in the New Testament.

New Testament: the part of the Bible dealing specifically with Christianity, and containing the Gospels.

Old Testament: the part of the Bible predating Jesus, and containing Jewish religious laws and traditions.

Parish: an individual church, and the area for which it has responsibility.

Sacrament: one of the core ceremonies of the Church, defined as ‘outward and visible signs of inward and spiritual grace’.

Theologian: a scholar who studies questions of God and religion.

Trinity: the combination of the three recognised aspects of God, known as Father, Son (Jesus of Nazareth) and Holy Spirit.

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